In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a type of assistive reproductive technology (ART). It involves retrieving eggs from a woman’s ovaries and fertilizing them with sperm. This fertilized egg is known as an embryo. The embryo can then be frozen for storage or transferred to a woman’s uterus.
Situations in which egg donor IVF may be required or recommended.
- Age related infertility (most often for women age 40 or older)
- Genetic disease risk on female partner’s side
- Low ovarian reserves (indicated by very high FSH levels or a low antral follicle count)
- Primary ovarian insufficiency (also known as premature ovarian failure)
- Post-cancer treatment (if the ovaries or eggs were damaged or removed)
- Repeated canceled IVF treatment due to poor or low ovarian response
- Unexplained repeated IVF failure
- Woman born without her ovaries due to a congenital anomaly